Texas Public Prekindergarten Class Size and Student-to-Teacher Ratio Study

In 2015, the 84th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, passed House Bill (HB) 4 focused on high-quality prekindergarten programming. A key aspect of the bill was authorizing and funding the HB 4 High-Quality Prekindergarten Grant program, which the Texas Education Agency (TEA) awarded in July 2016 for the 2016–17 school year. HB 4 also specified expansion of early education reporting requirements for all Texas public schools offering a prekindergarten program beginning in the 2016–17 school year. Finally, HB 4 specified that a study be conducted to understand the relationship between quality and class size and student-to-teacher ratios in prekindergarten.

Recommendations from the study:

Class size guidelines should be set to a maximum not to exceed 22 students per prekindergarten classroom. Given the class size recommendation, a student-to-teacher ratio not to exceed 11:1 is recommended for all public prekindergarten classes with between 16 and 22 students. In cases where class size is 15 or fewer students, a student-to-teacher ratio should not exceed 15:1. However, following these guidelines alone will not ensure conditions for high-quality prekindergarten classrooms.
The full report and executive summary are available from the links below:

Texas Public Prekindergarten Class Size and Student-to-Teacher Ratio Study (ICF International, September 2016)

Executive Summary (12 pages)

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